Getting to know about knee anatomy and the reasons to have knee replacement

There are many types of surgical procedures that are conducted to help the patients to get immense relief. Knee replacement is considered to be a surgical procedure for resurfacing the knee, which has been damaged due to arthritis. Plastic and metal parts get used in this procedure for capping the bone ends to form knee joint.

It is a surgical procedure that is to be considered for patients suffering from severe arthritis. Several types of arthritis are present that might affect knee joints. Osteoarthritis is stated to be a degenerative joint disease which is said to affect mostly older and middle age adults. It is also among the major reasons for causing bones adjacent to the knee and joint cartilage breakdown. Knee damage can also be caused due to synovial membrane inflammation, thus leading to stiffness and pain.

The objective of the best knee replacement in India is to have the knee joint parts resurfaced which have been damaged. This surgical procedure is considered when other methods have been noticed to fail.

Knee anatomy

The joint is the area where two bones are said to meet. It is the two long bones in the leg that tend to form the knee, held together by tendons, ligaments and muscles. Each bone is covered by a cartilage layer to protect the knee and absorb shocks. Tendons are stated to be tough connective tissue cords, connecting bones and muscles together. The ligaments are elastic tissue bands, connecting bones to other bones. Few ligaments offer protection to the joints and stability to the knee region. Some others are known to limit the structure’s motion, such as the backward and forward movement.

The knee essentially comprises of the tibia, the larger bone present in the lower leg region, the patella – the knee cap and the femur – the thigh bone. Besides these, it comprises of the synovial membrane, ligaments, cartilage, meniscus and the tendon.

Why require knee replacement?

This type of surgical procedure is to be undertaken only if other treatment forms are found to be ineffective. Few common treatment forms include glucosamine, anti-inflammatory medications, limiting painful activities, pain medications, cortisone injections and physical therapy in the joint region of the knee. Injections are also used for adding the knee joint with sufficient lubrication for making the movements to be less painful. The other essential aspect to be considered is the individual’s weight. One of the recommended treatment methods is loss of weight.

The physician at the knee replacement best hospital in India, while performing the surgical procedure, removes the knee joint damaged surface and has it resurfaced with prosthesis. It is created from plastic and metal. Cemented prosthesis is a common artificial knee type provided. No longer are the un-cemented types used for the surgery. This surgical process does require the patient to stay at the hospital and to have a physical therapist to perform certain therapy to make the new knee to get into action. Post-operative care routine will be offered by the physician after the surgical procedure. The replaced knee is expected to last for about twenty years.